Transcript for NASAConnect - World Space Congress

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[Music]

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[Leland] Hi I'm Leland Melvin,
former NFL player, engineer

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and now NASA astronaut.

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NASA is looking for the next
generation of explorers;

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and I'm here to promote
careers in science, technology,

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engineering, and mathematics.

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In today's special mission of
NASA CONNECT, host Jennifer Pulley

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with show you the world's
premier space convention.

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It's called World Space Congress
2002, the new face of space.

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You will see how science,
technology, engineering,

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and mathematics are being used
to develop the world's vision

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of space exploration over the
next ten years and beyond.

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You'll see great exhibits,
new technologies and students

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who are dreaming of becoming the
next generation of space explorers.

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Bianca Baker from the NASA
Sci Files will be on location

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to show you a really cool
math game called Tivee

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that will enhance your
basic math skills.

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See students compete
in the Tivee tournament

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in cooperation with NASA.

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All this and more
here on NASA CONNECT.

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[Music]

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[Jennifer] Hi I'm Jennifer Pulley
and welcome to NASA connect.

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The show that connects
you to the world of math,

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science, technology, and NASA.

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I'm here in Houston, Texas at
the World Space Congress 2002.

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Let's take a quick preview
of what we're going to see.

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[Music]

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So, what is World Space Congress?

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Well, it's the largest,
scientific, technical

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and space exhibition event ever.

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More than 13,000 international
space leaders in industy, science

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and engineering have gathered
right here in Houston, Texas.

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It brings together international
space leaders and decision makers

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to share their knowledge

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and experiences providing
a guiding vision

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for an improved future.

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The very people who will
populate that future and serve

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as its leaders are with world's
brightest and best students

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and young space professionals.

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In fact, this global event brings
together over 10,000 educators,

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young professionals and students
from more than 30 countries.

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And speaking of students
hey, look who's here.

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It's Bianca Baker from
the NASA Sci Files.

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[Bianca] Hey Jennifer.

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[Jennifer] Hey Bianca.

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Shouldn't you be in school?

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[Bianca] My math teacher
asked me to stop by and check

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out some math activities to
bring back to the classroom.

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[Jennifer] You know
that's a great idea.

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There are so many
math activities here.

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[Bianca] I heard about a math
tournament called the Tivee

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tournament in cooperation
with NASA.

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I think I'm going to check it out.

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Fill you in later.

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[Jennifer] That sound great.

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While Bianca checks out
the math tournament,

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let's visit some of
the exhibits here.

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[Music] Hey guys.

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We're here at NASA's
commercialization exhibit

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and I'm here with Mike Winegarden
and he works at NASA headquarters

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in Washington, D.C. Now, Mike when
I hear of commercialization --

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well what is commercialization?

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I think of TV commercials.

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[Mike] That's not it exactly it.

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What our program does
is we actually work

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to bring space technology
back down to earth

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so that people can
buy products made

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from space technology
using their everyday lives.

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[Jennifer] Any people?

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[Mike] Yeah, we have a
whole wide range of products

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that we are working on that
we have developed in the past.

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Oh, here are some
really neat things.

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Just as an example, NASA
developed the antifog coatings

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that are currently
being used ski goggles

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that you can buy at
your local store.

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Those come from the
shuttle main windows.

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We also worked on gold coatings
for sunglasses that come

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from the visors that the
astronauts currently use

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and then another really
interesting story you can actually

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go out and buy clogs right now that
were developed from foam developed

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to protect the astronauts
from the g-force

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when the shuttle is launched.

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So, you see Jennifer,
these are just some

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of the cool things we
are working on at NASA.

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[Jennifer] Man, you guys are
working on awesome stuff.

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Well, you know I am going to
spin off to another exhibit.

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Okay. We're here with
Sharon Cobb and Sharon is

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from NASA Marshall Space Flight
Center in Huntsville, Alabama.

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Now, Sharon it kind of
looks like we are inside the

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international space station.

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[Sharon] Well, we are actually in
a mock up of the space station.

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This is the way we show people what
kind of experiments we are going

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to be doing on the space station.

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This is the U.S. laboratory
called the destiny module.

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[Jennifer] Great.

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Now, what are you working on?

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[Sharon] We're working on racks
that house experiments that we do

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in the microgravity environment
and there are 24 racks in the space

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in the U.S. laboratory.

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They're on the ceiling.

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They're on the floor.

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They're on both sides but
it doesn't really matter

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because the astronauts
can operate from anywhere

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because gravity doesn't
pull them down to ground.

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[Jennifer] Wow.

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So, there's 24 racks in
this particular module.

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[Sharon] In the U.S. module.

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[Jennifer] Okay.

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Is this particular rack important?

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[Sharon] This rack is
important for several people

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in fact it is important to
everyone because we're going

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to be processing material science.

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Material science is something
that touches everybody's lives

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because it involves materials
that go in cars and airplanes,

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even in the computers
that we use everyday.

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They all are based
on material science.

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So, we're looking at this rack to
understand some of the problems

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that occur when we form
these materials on the ground

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so that we can produce better
materials on the earth.

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[Jennifer] Okay.

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So, tell me what do you mean by
doing things to these material --

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I mean what do you want to do?

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How can you make -- are you
trying to make them better?

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[Sharon] We're trying
to make them better.

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We are trying to understand
some of the problems that happen

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when you process them on earth
like light things float to the top

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and heavy things drop to
the bottom of the container

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and in the microgravity
environment,

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we don't have that problem.

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Everything stays mixed up.

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[Jennifer] Wow.

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I'm going to ask about mathematics
here because it is very important.

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Is mathematics important in what
you do, in material science?

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[Sharon] Mathematics are
important in everything

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but it governs everything
we do in these racks.

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It looks at how heat gets moved
from one place to another.

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There are equations
that govern that.

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There are equations that
govern how liquids move

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around inside these experiments;
in fact, there is a whole group

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of people that on computers grow
materials and grow crystals based

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on mathematical equations.

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[Jennifer] Oh, that's so cool.

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Now, my final question is what
do you think is the future

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of material science?

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I mean, obviously you
are going to be taking

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up into the international
space station but long term.

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[Sharon] What we hope to do
here is gain a lot of knowledge

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and information that helps us
to produce better materials

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on the ground and, in
fact, what we're hoping is

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that we'll help make
some of the discoveries

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that help us achieve space flight
to long duration orbits like

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to Mars maybe someday.

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We have a lot of things we
understand before we can do that.

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So, hopefully material science
will play a part in that.

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[Jennifer] Thanks so much.

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[Speaker] Thank you.

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[Student] Why are we
doing space research?

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[Speaker] I remember when my
kid many years ago asked me why

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Columbus went to America.

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I told him because at Columbus
time, there was no refrigerator.

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And he said, oh, what do you mean?

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At that time to preserve the food,
it was necessary to have spices

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and Christopher Columbus
was going to find new land

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where they could take the spices.

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So, what do I mean with this?

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That for every research
that we are taking to go,

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there is always another part of
the story that we have to keep

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in mind and this is the fact

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that for every research we
have a counterpart here.

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We are going to go to Mars.

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It will be impossible to go there

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if we do not solve some specific
problems that we have now,

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and we will continue to
have in the future on earth.

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I mean going to Mars means
problem of long-term isolation,

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problem connected to the loss

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of calcium an astronaut
loses 1.5 percent

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of calcium a month
and this is a lot.

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If you take into account how
long does it take to go to Mars,

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you know that 50 percent of
the population on the earth

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after 50 years old will suffer
of from specific problem

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which is called osteoporosis?

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Osteoporosis is a disease connected
to loss of calcium in bones.

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If we found a way to solve
the problem of loss of calcium

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when the astronauts
are going to Mars,

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we will solve the same
problem for million

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of persons here on the earth.

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[Music]

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[Jennifer] Hey, guys.

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We're here as the naze da exhibit.

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Now, NASDA national space
development agency of Japan

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and NASDA is Japan's core
space development program.

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It's a simple analogy.

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NASDA is to Japan as NASA
is to the United States.

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And I'm here with Mr. Ketahara.

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Mr. Ketahara, what is Japan's role
in the international space station?

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[Ketahara] We have three roles.

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First we are developing a JEM which
is attached to the space station.

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JEM stands for the Japanese
experimental module.

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Second, we are developing a
centrifuge of a module for NASA.

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It plays for

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[Inaudible].

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This is very unique facility
that generates artificial

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to experiment how microgravity
affects biological processes

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in a space environment.

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Third, we are developing logistic
vehicle that will transport

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to the earth batteries,
experimental payloads and water

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which is needed for
space station operation.

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[Jennifer] In your opinion,
how is space research important

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to us right here on earth?

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[Ketahara] I think the space
research will give us beneficial

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thing to us.

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Let me give you some example here
it will produce the lightweighted

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metal, new medicine which is needed

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to cure the very difficult
diseases.

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[Jennifer] Does mathematics play
a key role in space research?

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[Ketahara] I think it does.

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To experimental module
we have to calculate

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and it cannot understand
phenomena without mathematics.

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We need to analyze
the data obtained.

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[Jennifer] And a final
question Mr. Ketahara,

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what do you think space
exploration will be like

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in say ten years?

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[Ketahara] Well, it's
a difficult question

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but I feel ten years is a
long or ten years short.

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It depends.

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About 30 years ago, Apollo
astronaut landed on the moon.

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I think that was the
space exploration

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and I think it will need more
time to explore beyond that

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but I think the preparation for
that will begin within ten years.

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I think such a huge program
will never be realized

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without international corporation,

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and I think it's a young
generation to realize it.

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[Music]

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[Speaker] How is math involved in
the future of space transportation?

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[Anna] Hello, I'm Anna Ratsman.

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I am working for the
Swedish space corporation.

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I am an electrical engineer and I
have been working as the designer,

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as a system engineer,
and as a manager.

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If you need mathematics to be able
to design the satellite to be able

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to launch in space
and also to be able

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to understand the data you get
back to solve the problems.

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Right now we are having
satellite looking for ozone holes.

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You know, I have two children of
my own, your age and I'm worried

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about the pollution,
how we use water.

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Nothing use space to get
the right answer on this.

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I would just like to say this: You
need the math to be able to ask

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and understand the big questions.

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[Music]

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[Jennifer] We're here
at the NASA ends exhibit

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at World Space Congress and
I'm here with Kevin Bass.

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Now, Kevin works NASA ends Research
Center in Moffetfield, California.

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Kevin, tell me some of the cool
things that you are working on.

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[Kevin] I get to work with
a lot of fun toys but one

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of my favorites is the PSA, the
personal satellite assistant.

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[Jennifer] Tell me about the PSA.

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[Kevin] The main goal of the
PSA is to be a palm pilot,

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if you will, for each astronaut.

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So hopefully each astronaut
will have one of these

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on the international space
station that will fly

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around like a little
buddy up on their shoulder

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and it will have a wide array
of sensor and other features,

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things that it can do.

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One of them would be
video teleconferencing.

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So, we can use this with
anybody in the mission control

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or with somebody, say the
scientists that are on earth.

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So, while the astronauts
are working

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on a specific science expeerment,
the scientist can interact

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with a astronaut while they
are doing the experiment.

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[Jennifer] So, can it
talk to the astronauts?

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[Kevin] The PSA can
take voice commands.

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So, if the astronaut is curious

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about a specific compartment
it can fly

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to that specific compartment
and take temperature readings

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or what other type of sensor
readings and then dictate to back

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to the astronaut what's happening.

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Possibly in an event of
overheating or things like that,

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it can also turn fans
on and off or open

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and close hatch doors,
things like that.

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[Jennifer] Now, wait a minute.

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You said this is going
to fly around.

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How is this going to fly around
the international space station?

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[Kevin] Well, there
are many different ways

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that it flies around.

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It has a wide array of infrared
sensors as well as a cameras

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and a few other functions
that it can use to fly itself

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around the international
space station.

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[Jennifer] So, it doesn't
use fuel to propel itself?

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[Kevin] It's propelled by fans.

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So, there's 12 fans on here.

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And each set of fans moves
in a specific direction.

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[Jennifer] So, I guess robotics
will play a really big part

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in the future of space exploration.

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[Kevin] Absolutely.

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Robotics is the number
one way to explore space

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without putting human
lives in jeopardy.

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[Jennifer] I agree.

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Thank you so much, Kevin.

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We appreciate it.

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[Kevin] Sure.

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[Jennifer] Well, let' see
where we're off to next.

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[Music] We we just left Kevin
and we moved around and I'm here

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with Jim Murphy who works at
NASA Ames Research Center.

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Jim, what are some of the
technologies you're working on.

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[Jim] We have here one of the
five tools that we're working

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on for the Mars exploration
rover project at JPL.

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This is called the MER board.

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[Jennifer] MER stands for.

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[Jim] Mars exploration
rover project.

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This is an advanced electronic
collaborative white board.

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We have to ability
to pull up images

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from the scientific database.

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You see a typical image
here and then draw those

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into the white board space
where with a set of tools,

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the scientists can mark this up,
point out targets and interact

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and use this as their
planning tool.

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The other feature of
this is the ability then

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to save what they have done
with these images and share them

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to the different groups,
the other planning groups.

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So, again it's a very
interactive, collaborative tool

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that will be used in the very
short operational planning cycle

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everyday in MER.

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[Jennifer] Now, how do to
scientists and engineers

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that are working on the MER
project actually get the

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information from the Mars rovers?

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[Jim] It's actually quite a
complex rovers are on Mars

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and have their storage of data and
those radio links go up to orbiters

[00:17:06.429]
that are in Mars and also in some
cases direct to the large antennas

[00:17:12.139]
in the deep space
network down on earth.

[00:17:14.849]
In any case, all of the data comes
down to the deep space network

[00:17:19.009]
and then over a network is
sent to the operation center

[00:17:22.419]
in the data center at JBL and
finally into data bases and files

[00:17:27.669]
that store the data and can
be accessed with the kind

[00:17:30.739]
of tools that we talk about.

[00:17:32.439]
So, it's quite a complex process.

[00:17:34.869]
On a daily basis the
scientists and engineers have

[00:17:39.649]
to retrieve this data, assess it
scientificically, engineering wise

[00:17:45.639]
and then again plan the next
set of commands and sequences

[00:17:50.639]
for the rover and take
into account what kind

[00:17:54.199]
of transmission capability
they will have if, in fact,

[00:17:57.359]
to get data back again
from the rover.

[00:17:59.409]
So they have to take all of
these factors into account

[00:18:02.259]
in their daily operation.

[00:18:03.749]
[Jennifer] Sounds
like the scientists

[00:18:04.749]
and engineers are in a time crunch.

[00:18:06.539]
[Jim] Yeah, they are in a time
crunch they literally have several

[00:18:09.649]
hours every day to go
through this process.

[00:18:12.369]
[Music]

[00:18:12.369]
[Speaker] What is space
transportation going

[00:18:20.249]
to be like ten years from now?

[00:18:21.579]
[Speaker] What would you like
to see being done in space

[00:18:23.789]
in the next ten years?

[00:18:24.629]
[Speaker] How does math play
a key role in your research?

[00:18:27.609]
[Speaker] When do you think
we will be going to Mars?

[00:18:29.669]
[Speaker] Hi.

[00:18:29.839]
My name is Steve Cook.

[00:18:31.349]
I'm the deputy manager

[00:18:32.279]
of the advanced space
transportation program

[00:18:34.459]
at NASA's Marshall
Space Flight Center.

[00:18:36.479]
We're responsible for
developing the next generation

[00:18:38.709]
of reusable space transportation
systems to make it much more safe,

[00:18:42.639]
affordable and routine to get
to space along with getting

[00:18:46.179]
in space much faster between earth
and the outer planet and beyond.

[00:18:50.979]
Math is critical to the future
of space transportation.

[00:18:54.009]
We use math everyday in
developing new trojectories

[00:18:56.679]
that will take us to orbit.

[00:18:58.009]
We use it in developing
new propulsion systems

[00:19:00.309]
and computational fluid dynamics
from research to tests math factors

[00:19:04.649]
into everything we do.

[00:19:06.069]
Ten years from now, we envision
that we will have much safer access

[00:19:10.529]
to space through our second
generation reusable launch vehicle.

[00:19:14.109]
As we look to space propulsion,

[00:19:15.799]
we have got some exciting
things that are going on.

[00:19:18.279]
We look to being able to
move faster between earth

[00:19:21.099]
and the outer planets to
advanced electric propulsion

[00:19:23.859]
to advanced vision technologies
and within earth's orbit

[00:19:27.329]
with advanced tether
technologies ten years from now.

[00:19:30.289]
We are developing the
building blocks for you,

[00:19:32.869]
the next generation
of space explorers.

[00:19:35.059]
[Music]

[00:19:35.059]
[Jennifer] I'm with Dr. Joe Laveen.

[00:19:44.059]
[00:19:44.879]
Dr. Laveen works at the
NASA Langley Research Center

[00:19:47.729]
in Hampton, Virginia.

[00:19:49.099]
Dr. Laveen, what kind
of a plane is this?

[00:19:51.929]
[Dr. Laveen] Jennifer,
this is an airplane

[00:19:53.559]
that we hope one day will fly
through the atmosphere of Mars

[00:19:56.769]
to study the atmosphere,
the surface

[00:19:59.159]
and the interior of the red planet.

[00:20:01.369]
[Jennifer] Wow.

[00:20:01.859]
The plane will be
exactly like this?

[00:20:03.969]
[Dr. Laveen] Actually
this is half scale

[00:20:05.549]
so the real airplane
will be twice this size.

[00:20:07.969]
[Jennifer] Dr. Laveen, exactly how
will this plane survey the entire

[00:20:11.949]
planet of Mars?

[00:20:13.339]
[Dr. Laveen] Well, it won't
survey the whole entire planet

[00:20:15.299]
of Mars Jennifer.

[00:20:16.259]
It will fly regional
scale distances.

[00:20:18.849]
It will fly about a
mile above the surface.

[00:20:21.419]
It will measure gases
in the atmosphere.

[00:20:24.409]
It will measure the
composition and mineralogy,

[00:20:26.919]
it will take photographs
of the surface

[00:20:30.359]
and it will measure the magnetic
field in the surface of Mars.

[00:20:34.179]
[Jennifer] Will this
vehicle be manned?

[00:20:35.939]
[Dr. Laveen] This is
a robotic mission.

[00:20:37.529]
The whole mission
will be preprogrammed

[00:20:39.309]
by an onboard computer and it
will determine the whole sequence

[00:20:43.019]
of events.

[00:20:43.929]
[Jennifer] Now, tell me a
little bit about mathematics.

[00:20:46.439]
Do you think mathematics play
a key role in having a plane

[00:20:50.509]
such as this one survey Mars?

[00:20:52.289]
[Dr. Laveen] Yes, Jennifer.

[00:20:53.059]
In fact, mathematics
is very important

[00:20:55.409]
because mathematics determines
where we send the plane into Mars,

[00:21:00.109]
how the orbit is determined and
where the airplane will fly.

[00:21:03.949]
The trajectory of the
spacecraft to Mars is based

[00:21:07.389]
on celestial mechanics which
is all mathematics and the area

[00:21:11.399]
on Mars where the plane will fly
is all determined by mathematics.

[00:21:15.589]
Mathematics is very important
to get the airplane to Mars

[00:21:19.979]
and then once in the vicinity of
Mars to fly through the atmosphere.

[00:21:23.899]
[Jennifer] What is the time frame
for having this plane survey Mars?

[00:21:27.489]
[Dr. Laveen] We think we can
launch in 2007 and about eight

[00:21:31.669]
or nine months later fly through
the atmosphere of Mars 2008.

[00:21:36.509]
And interestingly just
about a hundred years

[00:21:39.329]
after the first flight
of the powered plane

[00:21:42.149]
on earth, the Wright Brothers.

[00:21:44.859]
[00:21:46.319]
This will be a very exciting way

[00:21:48.439]
to commemorate this very
historic event in human history.

[00:21:52.679]
[Jennifer] So, let's
go beyond 2008.

[00:21:54.869]
What do you think is the
future of space exploration?

[00:21:57.379]
[Dr. Laveen] Well, up to now we
have put orbiters around planets.

[00:22:00.119]
We have put landers on the
surface and rovers on the surface.

[00:22:03.549]
Now, we are talking about the brand
new technology the use of airplanes

[00:22:07.399]
for scientific exploration to do
things that you can't do from orbit

[00:22:11.589]
and to do things that you
can't do from the surface.

[00:22:14.029]
We believe airplanes are the
scientific platform of the future

[00:22:17.749]
to explore planets
that have atmospheres.

[00:22:22.199]
[Jennifer] At World Space Congress
2002 not only are there tons

[00:22:25.219]
of exhibits but there
are lots of students

[00:22:27.319]
and young professionals here.

[00:22:28.609]
I'm here with a group of students
called the space generation advisor

[00:22:33.659]
council and we are going
to talk to them and find

[00:22:35.839]
out exactly what they do.

[00:22:37.619]
This is Shane.

[00:22:38.719]
Shane, tell me about this program.

[00:22:40.939]
[Shane] Thanks Jennifer.

[00:22:41.809]
I'm with the space
generation advisory council.

[00:22:43.979]
We represent the World's

[00:22:45.059]
[inaudible ]

[00:22:45.059]
on various types of
space activities.

[00:22:46.869]
We also work on many different
projects throughout the world.

[00:22:49.609]
Two of them include a
bus trip across Africa

[00:22:52.289]
to teach Africans about space.

[00:22:54.699]
The second project we do
is to distribute telescopes

[00:22:57.429]
to inner city youths
across the United States.

[00:22:59.869]
[Speaker] This past weekend the
space generation advisory council

[00:23:02.899]
helped space generation where we
gathered over 200 young people

[00:23:06.529]
from 47 countries around the
world to come up with a vision

[00:23:09.809]
on the future of space exploration.

[00:23:12.429]
These people came up with projects,

[00:23:14.109]
ideas so that we can
get into space now.

[00:23:16.429]
[Speaker] Coming to the space
generation summit has been a

[00:23:18.279]
fantastic opportunity for
me because I get together

[00:23:20.649]
with people my own age who are as
enthusiastic about space as I am.

[00:23:24.299]
Together we put together some plans

[00:23:25.769]
on how we are going
to get to space.

[00:23:27.349]
One of them includes developing a
center to work on space propulsion.

[00:23:31.289]
I believe space travel should
be at easy as catching a bus

[00:23:34.249]
and together we are going
to make that happen.

[00:23:37.669]
[Speaker] We share the definition
of ethics and human rights

[00:23:40.559]
in other space activities
and we find it hard

[00:23:43.249]
to protect space environment
for all

[00:23:45.319]
of us including space
generation and European countries.

[00:23:50.849]
[Speaker] Well at space generation
summit, my working group focus

[00:23:54.969]
on space to enhance life on earth
and basically the main topic was

[00:24:01.309]
to use mobile and satellite
communication in terms

[00:24:04.899]
of disaster management
and emergency relief

[00:24:08.849]
in developed nations to use
the available information

[00:24:12.999]
that is provided to
satellites and NASA and

[00:24:16.989]
[Inaudible].

[00:24:17.509]
[Speaker] We believe
that every child all

[00:24:19.309]
around the world should
be educated about space.

[00:24:21.969]
[Music]

[00:24:22.619]
[Jennifer] You know, I haven't
seen Bianca in quite a while.

[00:24:27.469]
I wonder what's going on
at the Tivee tournament.

[00:24:30.499]
[Bianca] Hi Jennifer.

[00:24:31.129]
I'm here with 30 kids from the
Houston Independent School District

[00:24:34.379]
in Houston, Texas taking part
in the Tivee math tournament

[00:24:39.059]
in cooperation with NASA.

[00:24:40.409]
[Speaker] The game is
called space Tivee.

[00:24:43.279]
It's a exciting math based
strategy and critical thinking game

[00:24:47.629]
that will enhance students
basic math skills of addition,

[00:24:52.229]
subtration, multiplication and
division by using decimals,

[00:24:55.389]
fractions, percentages, integers,
square roots, and exponents.

[00:24:57.179]
The list of materials you
will need can be downloaded

[00:25:00.229]
from NASA CONNECT website.

[00:25:02.589]
Organize students
into groups of two.

[00:25:05.069]
Distribute a game board and the
necessary materials for each group.

[00:25:09.039]
Each player selects a Tivee color
piece or movable playing piece.

[00:25:12.729]
The white Tivee player moves first.

[00:25:14.709]
The gray Tivee player gets the last
move if a lega move is available.

[00:25:18.929]
There are four legal moves.

[00:25:21.249]
You can move forward one diagonal
space jump over one Tivee, jump two

[00:25:27.239]
or more Tivee of one
color in one turn.

[00:25:30.089]
To do that there must be an
integral between jump Tivees

[00:25:33.069]
and you can move on to or
jump into a black hole goal.

[00:25:37.399]
Remember you cannot move
a Tivee piece sideways.

[00:25:40.699]
You cannot move into our jump

[00:25:43.449]
through your opponents
seven exclusive goals.

[00:25:46.809]
You cannot move into or jump
through your opponents home base

[00:25:50.829]
or you can't jump
over a vacant goal.

[00:25:53.879]
Choose a game sheet
that you want to play.

[00:25:56.319]
There are different game
sheets to choose from depending

[00:25:58.519]
on what basic math skill
you want to address.

[00:26:01.279]
Choose the Tivee symbol
and numbers you want to use

[00:26:03.649]
with the game sheet chosen.

[00:26:05.549]
For example, use the Tivee sets
for answers without remainders.

[00:26:10.559]
Using these Tivees may have answers
with remainders or you can play

[00:26:14.319]
with the whole number rounding.

[00:26:16.349]
The game is over when one player
captures all seven exclusive score

[00:26:19.699]
goals and the two common
score goals are captures

[00:26:22.389]
and the two common
score goals are captured

[00:26:23.479]
or when either player
has a forward legal move.

[00:26:25.769]
Students will then
elect a score sheet.

[00:26:28.079]
Make sure you double
check your answers

[00:26:29.599]
because once the score
sheets have been filled

[00:26:31.309]
out students will exchange score
sheets and check each others work.

[00:26:35.289]
For advanced playing using the
force jump, blocking or trapping,

[00:26:39.509]
check out the educators
guide, which can be downloaded

[00:26:42.189]
from the NASA CONNECT website.

[00:26:44.029]
[Bianca] So, what do you think
of this really cool math game?

[00:26:46.079]
[Speaker] I like it because it
makes you think a lot and you have

[00:26:49.089]
to position the players
exactly where you want

[00:26:54.249]
to put the players on the board.

[00:26:59.719]
[Speaker] I like this math game
a lot because at the beginning

[00:27:01.169]
of the year I didn't
fractions and decimals

[00:27:02.399]
and our math teacher
introduced it to us.

[00:27:03.449]
I like it.

[00:27:03.719]
It's really fun.

[00:27:04.169]
[Bianca] Well, Jennifer, I can tell
you these kids had a great time

[00:27:06.909]
playing this game.

[00:27:07.599]
Back to you.

[00:27:09.529]
[Jennifer] Well, that
wraps up another episode

[00:27:11.539]
of NASA CONNECT we would
like to thank everyone

[00:27:13.509]
who helped make this
episode possible.

[00:27:16.069]
Got a question?

[00:27:17.049]
A comment or suggestion?

[00:27:19.109]
Then write us at NASA center
for distance learning,

[00:27:22.029]
NASA Langley Research Center, Mail
Stop 400 Hampton, Virgina 23681

[00:27:27.579]
or send us on e-mail at
connect@larc.NASA.gov.

[00:27:32.559]
So, until next time.

[00:27:33.999]
Stay connected to math,
science, technology, and NASA.

[00:27:39.229]
And where do you think
space exploration will be

[00:27:42.009]
in the next ten years?

[00:27:43.269]